Say Bismillah outside of the toilet and then go inside and do your wudhu. Then when you have finished your wudu, leave the toilet and recite: Ashadu allahilaha ilallaau wa ashadu anna muhammadan abduhu wa rasulu“. After that do 2 rakat Tahiyyatul wudu which is a lot of reward after the completion of wudu and we should get into the habit of praying it inshallah. The following are Sunnah’s of going the the bathroom:
Sunnah’s of Going to the Bathroom (Toilet)
When entering the toilet
1. Recite the following and enter with your left foot
[Bismillaahi] Allaahumma ‘innee ‘a’oothu bika minal-khubthi walkhabaa’ith.
(Before entering) [In the Name of Allah]. (Then) O Allah, I seek protection in You from the male and female unclean spirits. (Bukhari 1/45, Muslim 1/283)
2. Before immersing the hands into any bucket, drum, container, utensils, wash them thrice thoroughly. (Tirmidhi Vol. 1, pg. 13)
3. Water and lumps of earth should be taken to the toilet for the purpose of Isthinja (Washing privates). However if these are already in the toilet then it is not necessary. It is Sunnah to take the clods of earth. (Tissue will suffice). (Tirmidhi)
4. Whilst going to the toilet Rasulallah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) always covered his head and wore shoes (Ibn Saad)
5. One should not stand up and urinate but sit and urinate (Tirmidhi)
6. It is best to lower oneself as much as possible before uncovering oneself for isthinja (Tirmidhi)
7. Any item which has the name of Allah and Rasulallah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) on it should be removed before entering toilet. (Nasai)
Note: The name of Allah should not be said in the toilet.
8.One should not show ones back or face towards the Qa’ba whilst relieving oneself. (Tirmidhi)
9.Whilst relieving oneself one should not talk unless out of dire necessity (Mishkaat)
10.Whilst making Isthinja the right hand should not be used or touch the private parts but only the left hand should be used (Bukhari, Muslim)
11.One should be VERY cautious not to splash urine anywhere because this is one of the causes of grave punishment. (Tirmidhi)
Important: One should ALWAYS sit down when urinating to avoid drops going elsewhere
Ibn ‘Abbas (Ra) states that, ‘Once the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) while passing through a graveyard heard the voices of two persons who were being punished in their graves. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, ‘These two persons are being punished not for something major (it is not difficult to be save from it).’
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)then added, ‘Yes! (They are being tortured for a major sin) Indeed, one of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other would go about with backbiting (to make enmity between friends).’ The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then asked for a branch of a date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces, and put one on each grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, ‘I hope that their torture might be lessened, until these get dried.’
12. If there are no toilets around then one should go to a place where there is guarantee where one cannot be seen or as far as possible from the sight of people.(Tirmidhi)
13. It is better to sit and urinate on soft ground so that urine does not splash onto one (Tirmidhi)
14. Isthinja should first be made with earth or toilet paper and then with water. (Tirmidhi)
15. When leaving the toilet, go out with your right foot first and recite:
Ghufraanak. Alhamdulillaahilladhee adh-haba annill adhaa wa ‘afaanee
Oh Allah I seek Your forgiveness. All praises are due to Allah who has taken away from me discomfort and granted me relief. (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and Tirmidhi)
The Sunnah’s of Performing Wudhu (Ablution)
1. Great care should be taken in making Wudhu especially in cold and wintry days when one tends to feel lazy (Tirmidhi)
2. Mentioning the name of Allah –
“In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, and the Most Merciful”
It is also Sunnah to recite the following Dua whilst performing Wudhu:
Allahummaghfirlee dhambee wa wassi’ lee fee daaree wa baariklee fee rizqee (Amalul youm wal lailah of Nasai)
2. Washing the hands thrice.
3. Rinsing the mouth and nose before washing the face thrice.
4. Rinsing the nose by one’s left hand thrice: This is because it is mentioned in the hadith that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam):“washed his hands thrice, then he rinsed his mouth and washed his nose with water by putting water in it and blowing it out, and he washed his face thrice…) (Bukhari, Muslim)
5. Exaggerating in rinsing one’s mouth and nose if not fasting by moving water around the mouth and snuffing water to the end of one’s nose:
This is because of the hadith: “…and snuff with water well except when you are fasting”. (Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and An-Nisaa’i)
6. Rinsing one’s mouth and nose with the same handful of water:
This is because of the hadith:“He [the Prophet] put his hand [into the vessel containing water] rinsed his mouth and his nose”. (Bukhari and Muslim)
7. Using tooth stick (Miswaak) before rinsing one’s mouth:
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) says:“Had I not thought it difficult for my Ummah, I would have commanded them to use the Siwak (tooth-stick) before every Prayer.” (Ahmed, An-Nasai)
8. Running one’s wet finger through the beard upon washing the face:
It is mentioned in the hadith that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to run his wet finger through his beard while performing ablution. (Tirmidhi)
9. Wiping over one’s head: This is performed as follows: passing one’s wet hands over the head from front to back and so forth. As for obligatory wiping over one’s head, it is to wipe over one’s head in any way. It is narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to pass his hands over his head [in ablution] from the front to the back. (Bukhari, Muslim)
10. Running wet fingers between the fingers and toes:
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:“Perform your ablution perfectly and let water run between the fingers [and toes]”.
11. Washing the right [limb] before the left:
It is narrated in the hadith that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)“Used to start from the right side on wearing shoes, combing his hair, cleaning or washing himself and on doing anything else” (Bukhari, Muslim)
12. Performing the actions thrice when washing the face, hands and foot.
13. Performing ablution in one’s house: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever purifies in his house and walks to the mosque to perform obligatory prayer, his steps are counted as one expiates a sin and the other raises his rank” (Muslim)
14. Passing one’s hand over the limb during or after washing.
15. Using little amount of water: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to use little amount of water in ablution. (Bukhari and Muslim)
16. Washing above the limits of the four limbs [hands and foot]:
It is narrated that Abu Hurraira (Ra) performed ablution: he washed his arm up to the elbows and his feet up to the ankles and said: this is how the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) performed ablution”. (Muslim)
17. In a report by Muslim through ‘Uqba ibn ‘Amir: “He will be rewarded by nothing except Paradise”.
18. Perfecting one’s ablution: washing each part perfectly. Muslims vary in times of performing ablution during the day, and everyone has to observe theseSunnah every time they perform ablution.
19. After Ablution (Wudhu) recite:
‘Ash-hadu ‘an laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu wa ‘ash-hadu ‘anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasooluhu.
I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partner; and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.(Muslim 1/209)
And then recite this dua:
Allaahummaj ‘alnee minathavaabeena waj’alnee minal mutha-thahhireen
O Allah, include me amongst those who repent excessively and amongst those who purify themselves. (Tirmidhi- Vol. 1, pg 18)
20. Saying the two testifications of faith [Ar.Shahadatan] after finishing ablution. Meaning, to says, “I testify that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger”. It is narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, ” If anyone amongst you performs the ablution perfectly and then says: I testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the servant of Allah and His Messenger, the eight gates of Paradise would be opened for him and he may enter by whichever of them he wishes”. (Muslim)
21. The Virtue of observing the above Sunnah:
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said,“He who performed ablution perfectly, his sins would come out from his body, even coming out from under his nails.” (Muslim)
22. Tahiyyatul Wudhu (Nafl prayer after doing Wudhu):
Performing two rak’ahs (Units of prayer) after ablution. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, ” He who performs ablution like this of mine and then stood up (for prayer) and offered two rak’ahs of prayer without allowing his thoughts to be distracted, all his previous sins are expiated” (Bukhari, Muslim)
23. Abu Hurraira (Ra) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)said to Bilaal (Ra) “Tell me about the most hopeful act (i.e. one which you deem the most rewarding with Allah) you have done since your acceptance of Islam because I heard the sound of the steps of your shoes in front of me in paradise.” Bilaal said : “I do not consider any act more hopeful than that whenever I make ablution (Wudhu) at any time of night or day, I offer salaah (prayer) for as long as was destined for me to offer.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
It is related in the Hadith that performance of the two Rakaats of Tahiyyatul Wudhu Salah makes paradise obligatory (Wajib) for the performer (ref: Muslim)
There are also many other benefits. Therefore we should try and pray this Nafl EVERY time after Wudhu is performed as it is a means of great reward and only takes minutes to perform.
Sunnah method of performing Ghusl (Bathing)
Before making Ghusl one should make Niyyah (intention) thus: – “I am performing Ghusl so as to become Paak (Clean).”
Without Niyyah, there is no Thawaab (reward) although Ghusl will be valid. Ghusl should be made in a place of total privacy and one should not face towards the Kiblah while making Ghusl. Ghusl may be performed standing or seated, preferably seated. Use sufficient water, don’t skimp nor be wasteful. One should abstain from speaking while performing Ghusl. It is better not to read any Kalimah or Aayah while bathing. Be aware of these rules whilst making Ghusl.
Procedures for performing Ghusl are:
1. Wash both hands up to and including wrists.
2. Wash the private parts. The hands and private parts should be washed even if one is not in the state of Janaabat or Najaasat.
3. If there is Najaasat elsewhere on the body, it should now be washed off.
4. Perform Wudhu (Read separate pamphlet for Wudhu according to Sunnah). If making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away, and then perform the complete Wudhu. If there is fear of the feet being immersed in wastewater during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl.
5. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed thrice.
6. After performing Wudhu, pour water over the head thrice;
7. Then pour thrice over right shoulder and;
8. Thrice again over left shoulder.
9. Now pour water over entire body and rub.
10. If the hair of the head is not plaited, it is compulsory to wet all the hair up to the very base. If a single hair is left dry, Ghusl will not be valid. If the hair of a woman is plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited hair, but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. If one fails to do this then the Ghusl will not be valid. As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are NOT excused from leaving their hair dry. If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplaite her hair and wash her entire head.
11. It is Musthahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it.
12. All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hand so as to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body, and that no portion is left dry.
13. Rings and earrings, etc. should be moved so as to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. Ensure that the navel and the ears are all wetted. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete.
14. On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place. If, while performing Wudhu, the feet had been washed, it is not necessary to wash them again.
15. Dry the body with a clean towel, and dress as hastily as possible.
If, after Ghusl, one recalls that a certain portion of the body is left dry, it is not necessary to repeat the Ghusl, but merely wash the dry portion. It is not sufficient to pass a wet hand over the dry place. If one has forgotten to rinse the mouth or the nostrils, these too could be rinsed when recalled after Ghusl has been performed.
The Three Faraa’ids (compulsory acts) of Ghusl are:
1. To rinse the mouth in such a manner that water reaches the entire mouth.
2. To rinse the nostrils up to the ending of the fleshy part.
3. To completely wet the whole body. When one performs these Faraa’id intentionally or unintentionally Ghusl will be valid